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Senegal marriages and dating

This provides support for the widow and her children (usually also members of the brothers' kin group) and maintains the tie between the husband and wives' kin groups.

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In contrast, monogamy is marriage consisting of only two parties.Worldwide, different societies variously encourage, accept or outlaw polygamy.Of societies which allow or tolerate polygamy, in the vast majority of cases the form accepted in polygyny.Wives', especially senior wives', status in the community can be increased by the addition of other wives, who add to the family's prosperity or are a sign of conspicuous consumption (much like a large house, domestic help, or expensive vacations would be in a western country).For such reasons, senior wives sometimes work hard or contribute from their own resources to enable their husbands to accumulate the bride price for a second wife.For men, the benefits of polygyny are that it allows them to have more children, may provide them with more productive workers (where workers are family), and allows them to establish politically useful ties with a greater number of kin groups.

Senior wives can benefit as well when their work load is lightened by the addition of junior wives to the family.

Marriage is the moment at which a new household is formed, but different arrangements may occur depending upon the type of marriage and some polygamous marriages do not result in the formation of a single household.

In many polygynous marriages the husband's wives may live in separate households Polyandry is the practice wherein a woman has more than one husband at the same time.

Polyandry is much less popular than polygyny and is illegal in virtually every state in the world. Polyandry is believed to be more likely in societies with scarce environmental resources, as it is believed to limit human population growth and enhance child survival.

For example, in the Himalayan Mountains polyandry is related to the scarcity of land; the marriage of all brothers in a family to the same wife allows family land to remain intact and undivided.

The wife's family, in other words, must provide a replacement for her thus maintaining the ties between them.